A personality disorder is a psychological health illness characterized by persistent, ubiquitous, and destructive modes of thought, conduct, mood, and interpersonal relationships. These habits give a person a considerable amount of discomfort and make it difficult for them to operate. Others may discover that their ideas and attitudes vary from the majority of people and that their actions are odd, surprising, or disturbing at times. Personality issues can substantially negatively impact both the daily life activities of a person and his professional skills, as well as development. Antisocial personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, and dependent personality disorder directly influence people’s quality of life, resulting in negative changes and aggression, which can be dangerous; thus, these illnesses have to be addressed.
Personality psychology is a discipline of social and mental sciences that studies people’s personalities and how they differ. Personality science, often known as personality psychology, is the examination of the individual to determine what makes one person identical to another or distinct from others in terms of behavior (Arshad & Chung, 2022). Its primary objectives are to provide a comprehensive overview of a person and their basic cognitive factors, examination of internal mental variations, and study human behavior and cognitive commonalities between people. Personality is a changeable and well-organized combination of traits that an individual possesses and that impacts people’s surroundings, intellect, emotions, motives, and actions in a variety of settings. Furthermore, personality refers to a consistent pattern of ideas, feelings, social adaptations, and deeds that powerfully impact one’s aspirations, self-perceptions, morals, and attitudes through time.
The field of personality psychology is related to the occurrence of various psychological personality disorders that have to be addressed due to potential negative consequences. Firstly, it is obligatory to emphasize the key notions connected to antisocial personality disorder. Antisocial personality disorder has been defined as an illness among individuals beginning from the age of 15, and it was described as a chronic pattern of infringement of others’ values, which includes the following signs (DeLisi et al., 2019). For instance, deception, impulsivity, impatience, and aggression, careless disregard for others’ well-being, chronic recklessness are indicators of an inability to adhere to societal norms in terms of authorized actions (DeLisi et al., 2019). An antisocial personality disorder is a serious personality disease that has strong links to violence and criminal activity, but its exact cause is inconclusive (DeLisi et al., 2019). Physical abuse and traumatic childhood episodes are related to antisocial personality disorder diagnosis (DeLisi et al., 2019). Aggression is a common symptom of antisocial personality disorder, and it might jeopardize therapeutic and prognosis aims (Azevedo et al., 2020). Thus, since this issue poses an increased risk in terms of social security and health, it is necessary to address it.
Another personality disorder that has to be highlighted concerning personality psychology and development is obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a psychological illness in which an individual is obsessed with boundaries, order, and discipline. An excessive obsession with work at the cost of enjoyment and interpersonal connections is one of the signs of obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (Atroszko et al., 2020). The most common personality problem is obsessive-compulsive disorder, which seems to have the largest active and passive medical expenditures (Atroszko et al., 2020). Work stress and a hectic schedule are rapidly being acknowledged as substantial causes of illnesses and disorders that constitute the majority of the worldwide burden of diseases (Atroszko et al., 2020). Regardless of its high incidence and significant socioeconomic impact, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is generally underexplored in the scientific field (Wheaton & Ward, 2020). Many diseases, particularly anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, have been related to a transdiagnostic characteristic called perceived stress and intolerance of uncertainty (Wheaton & Ward, 2020). Hence, an obsessive-compulsive personality disorder can lead to potential difficulties for people in social settings that can decrease their level of well-being.
Finally, considering the essential need for addressing psychological issues and illnesses, it is compulsory to underline the implications of dependent personality disorder. A dependent personality disorder is a form of nervous personality disorder in which persons frequently feel powerless, subservient, or incapable of self-care. Dependent Personality Disorder (DPD) is commonly described as characterized by passivity and a desire to prevent abandonment, although it also appears to be linked to feelings of insecurity and low self-esteem (De Francisco Carvalho et al., 2019). People who are suffering from these signs are vulnerable to other individuals’ choices and advice (De Francisco Carvalho et al., 2019). This fact depends on a high level of personal incompetence and uncertainty, which reinforces efforts to seek social assistance to escape loneliness and rejection (De Francisco Carvalho et al., 2019). The research basis for treating a dependent personality disorder is limited, and there are few reliable studies of interdisciplinary psychotherapies’ efficacy (Kellett, S., & Lees, 2020). Individuals with dependent personality disorder are always seeking advice and comfort from others, are hesitant to argue with others and spend an enormous amount of time attempting to satisfy others.
In the field of psychiatry and mental health, personality disorders are among the most challenging to cure. This is mostly because persons with personality disorders do not believe their conduct is harmful. Hence they do not seek therapy. In general, personality issues and disorders are linked to a poorer prognosis, more recurrence, and relationship impairment (Martin et al., 2019). As a result, experiencing a personality disorder can potentially make regular tasks, for example, attending school, working, and forming relationships, exceedingly difficult. To live a healthy life, persons with personality disorders must discover how to regulate behavioral symptoms and conditions as soon as feasible.
Relating personality development to the topic of the paper, it is possible to state that personality development is an important social factor for the well-being of people. The progressive creation and dissection of holistic features that differentiate a person in addition to personal behavioral characteristics are referred to as personality development. A personality development disorder is a rigid and persistent structure of internal practices and experiences in children and young adults that deviates significantly from cultural standards (Martin et al., 2019). Personality disorders can jeopardize the process of personality development that ensures safety and sustainability regarding individuals and their occupation, education, and daily life activities.
To summarize, personality psychology is a branch of social and psychological research that explores how people’s personalities differ. An antisocial personality disorder is a significant personality condition with strong linkages to violence and criminal activity. However, the specific source of the disorder and its aspects is unknown. An obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is a mental condition in which a person is fixated on limits, order, and discipline. A dependent personality disorder is a type of nervous personality disorder in which people feel helpless, servile, or unable to care for themselves. Personality disorders and concerns are connected to a worse prognosis, increased recurrence, and relationship problems in general. Personality disorders can disrupt the process of personality development, which guarantees that individuals and their occupations, education, and everyday activities are safe and sustainable.
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