Cognitive Model of Abnormality

Topic: Cognitive Psychology
Words: 307 Pages: 1

The mind can turn hell into heaven in the case of a cognitive model of anomalies. This model identifies cognitive distortions and dysfunctions of thought processes leading to various mental disorders (Villanueva et al., 2020). Unlike the behavioral model, the cognitive one is directed inside a person and entirely depends on how and what a person thinks, and these processes are the determinants of anomalies, not behavior or external factors or reactions to behavior. The psychodynamic model has the most complex structure of repressed emotions and consequences, a specific context that can be summed up under Milton’s phrase. However, the cognitive model can be considered the most appropriate since the mind is mentioned, digesting the information perceived by a person, and focusing attention.

The power of human emotions is undeniable in several cases, but the phrase’s meaning under discussion puts the mind as the ultimate authority. The cognitive model of anomalies centralizes the idea that the mind has the most critical control points. Behavior is secondary and entirely depends on a person’s direction and way of thinking. The most common real-life example is social phobia, which a cognitive model explains. People find themselves in society, and at the same time, they begin to be filled with disturbing thoughts about some danger or complex interaction with the environment. To prevent error, they begin to focus on themselves while they continue to expect failure. There is a focus on the negative.

As a result, when people need to act, they begin to show vegetative reactions, demonstrating genuine excitement and at the same time struggling with themselves. Alternatively, they begin to defend themselves from society and the situation, including a defensive reaction, a more active form of behavior in society. Being focused on the negative, they find themselves trapped in their mind, which has turned an ordinary situation into “hell.”


Villanueva, J., Meyer, A. H., Miché, M., Wersebe, H., Mikoteit, T., Hoyer, J.,… & Gloster, A. T. (2020). Social interaction in major depressive disorder, social phobia, and controls: The importance of affect. Journal of Technology in Behavioral Science, 5(2), 139-148. Web.

This essay was written by a student and submitted to our database so that you can gain inspiration for your studies. You can use it for your writing but remember to cite it accordingly.

You are free to request the removal of your paper from our database if you are its original author and no longer want it to be published.

Bloom's Taxonomy of Cognitive Learning Objectives
Aspects of Cognitive Psychology