Critical Thinking and Its Effects on Mental Health

Topic: Cognitive Psychology
Words: 1735 Pages: 6


People continually strive to behave logically, fairly, and with empathy, thanks to critical thinking. Thus, the essential attribute of critical thinking requires the capacity to reason according to the rules of common sense and probability and to use this expertise to comprehend real-world problems that are not content-dependent. Critical thinking may promote profound self-awareness; for instance, it enables one to be objective, less impassioned, and more approachable toward the opinions of others. On the same note, its aspect of planning allows one to give novel perspectives and ideas on perplexing topics.

Additionally, critical thinking is a vital skill used in all facets of life. Precisely, daily problems, problems are discussed, and significant choices are taken under the subject. According to Paul and Elder (2020), identifying an excellent solution to an issue may be facilitated by understanding and defining analytical thinking. Critical thinking helps a person to make well-informed and significant decisions. As such, critical thinking can be defined as the process of sifting through an abundance of information and drawing a deliberate opinion about it (Paul & Elder, 2020). Ultimately, critical thinking is a vital discipline that ensures progressive growth in the cognitive development of individuals, and a lack of it can lead to dire consequences in people’s well-being and mental wellness.

Critical Thinking Effects on Daily Lives

Critical Thinking Enhances Daily Education

Critical thinking provides definitions of the concept within the psychological and philosophical sciences framework. Therefore, critical thinkers are trained to examine question hypotheses independently, assess and assimilate happenings, and go further by generating fresh concepts and evaluating them against reality. Further, Iyer (2019) emphasizes that questioning is the cornerstone of logical reflection, which is the source of knowledge development and should be stressed as the model for all education. According to research by Espey (2018), teacher-centered, curriculum-based classrooms affect learners’ critical thinking methods of acquiring knowledge. This attitude is disconcerting to contemporary educators, who desire to use the most current approaches and ideas that are more effective in helping students to think critically.

Furthermore, education, possibly the most fundamental necessity of humans, is the path to human growth. The purpose of critical thinking in people’s daily education is to develop the person and enable them to fulfill their maximum potential. For example, the subject begins skills impartation right from childhood. Hence, the development of a child’s intellect is the primary objective of the school of thought, not only a byproduct (Iyer, 2019).

Critical thinking always instructs learners on what and how to study. While evaluating what they have learned and their learning techniques, students demonstrate their critical thinking skills. Suppose students are to operate effectively in a highly technological culture. In that case, they must be prepared with lifelong learning and critical thinking abilities to obtain and digest knowledge in a constantly evolving world (Iyer, 2019). In accordance with modern approaches to education, the development of student’s cognitive and motor abilities should be one of the goals of critical thinking.

Critical Thinking and Informed Decision Making

The ability to think critically may assist people in gaining a deeper understanding of themselves, avoiding unsettling or limiting notions, and focusing their attention on their strengths (Butler, Pentoney, and Bong, 2017). People who are good at critical thinking may assist others in making more informed judgments. Since critical thinking is a cognitive process that occurs unwittingly rather often, it helps people cope with day-to-day challenges as they emerge (Butler, Pentoney, and Bong, 2017).

Thus, it is beneficial for individuals to engage in critical thinking. For example, one can think independently and trust their intuition as a result of this. One’s level of pleasure may increase, even if they are unaware of the connection between being in touch with oneself and having a comprehensive understanding of why other people believe the way they do. Communicating one’s thoughts and feelings to others might improve one’s standard of living.

Every day, a wealth of knowledge is accessible from several sources. Hence, one must utilize critical thinking and make independent decisions about what to embrace and reject. Critical thinking is a learning method since it ensures that one’s beliefs are built on facts and aids in sifting through irrelevant information. Possessing knowledge of alternate solutions to a problem and the capacity to assess them properly is a critical thinking learning progress.

As a result, instead of relying on a specific, ongoing strategy for problem-solving, one might learn to detect multiple, typically more essential alternatives, increasing one’s efficacy. Individuals may minimize time using a critical thinking approach if they recognize that not all knowledge is crucial to their decision. Most individuals cannot distinguish between the inconsequential and the significant. Critical thinking educates people on optimizing their time and resources by assessing what is essential for a process. It also enables them to determine if a choice is ultimately sound.

Enhances Ability to Appreciate Other Peoples Opinions

The ability to empathize with the perspectives of others fosters awareness of diverse worldviews. Critical thinking enables people to look beyond cultural norms and recognize other factors that impact their perceptions. Sympathy and comprehension are crucial for practical cooperation and teamwork. Communication is improved via critical thinking. Individuals may become influential speakers by studying and developing arguments for a specific premise. To successfully explain a concept, one must provide rational and appropriate arguments to substantiate their stance. They will be appreciated if they are knowledgeable about the subject at hand. The use of critical thinking alters and streamlines decision-making skills. Individuals reject intuitive or hunch-based decision-making in favor of a rational and studied procedure, resulting in more sound decisions.

Critical Thinking Gives a Sense of Reasoning

Critical thinking instills a pragmatic outlook since it is possible to arrive at more sound conclusions on a situation by relying on one’s rationality and logic rather than feelings or gut instincts. Consequently, people become better problem solvers who are rational and objective. Moreover, they learn the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning and when to use inductive rather than deductive reasoning. Similarly, people skilled in critical thinking can often solve difficulties as part of their innate nature. People who think critically are patient and dedicated to finding a solution to the issue. The improved problem-solving abilities of critical thinkers allow people to perform better in their occupations and contribute more effectively to resolving the world’s most pressing issues today.

Critical Thinking Is Vital in Advancing Career

Finally, critical thinking is essential for many occupational fields and may be a key to professional success. Critical thinking is a skill that is required by a wide variety of professionals, including scientists, attorneys, physicians, reporters, engineers, accountants, and analysts. Critical thinking is one of the most coveted abilities to have in the profession, as it enables one to examine information, think creatively, come up with novel solutions to issues, and plan methodically.

Critical Thinking and Mental Health

Critical thinking is a systematic, reflective, rational, and results-oriented mode of reasoning in regard to mental health. Both psychiatric-mental health nursing and interpersonal connections within the medical sector need critical thinking. Mental health practitioners make health decisions that culminate in an appropriate treatment regimen for their clients by using critical thinking. Critical thinking about medical strategic planning does not entail discriminatory, derogatory, or dismissive thoughts about the examined technique, plan, or problem. Alternatively, it refers to a planned, systematic effort that necessitates the progressive development of competence, dedication, and understanding. Critical thinking is adaptable, flexible, and ever-evolving concerning each scenario’s specific conditions.

Hence, critical thinking aids in the prevention of mental health disorders. Critical thinkers can make smart, well-informed judgments when confronted with potentially life-altering, stressful situations. In addition, they may employ their cognitive ability to locate effectively

instead of sulking in melancholy, and they can think critically to find peaceful solutions to difficulties. Specifically, the association of critical thinking with mental health does not lack foundation since psychotherapeutic approaches have long emphasized the relationship between mental disorders and defective thought (Liu et al., 2021). Cognitive behavioral therapy adherents argue that society’s view of a circumstance influences people’s emotional, behavioral, and physiological responses. In this way, mentally ill individuals are more prone to engage in biased or intuitive thinking and to misread impartial or favorable events.

Consequently, one of the primary goals of mental health therapy is to counteract subjective thinking and modify maladaptive perceptions through cognitive alteration abilities. According to Liu et al. (2021), such can include an accurate assessment of one’s irrational biases, evaluating proof for and against one’s instantaneous thinking, and experimenting with the efficacy of a substitute method of thinking (Liu et al., 2021). Meeting these remedial aims involves critical thinking, such as the desire and capacity to assess data and reasoning autonomously of one’s existing ideas and critically examine one’s own beliefs.

Typically, critical thinking does not affect an individual’s mental health. On the other side, one’s connections may be jeopardized by too critical thought. For instance, being too judgmental, competitive, or meticulous might be troublesome. Moreover, an absence of emotional awareness, such as modesty, understanding, and sensitivity, is likely to impact interpersonal interactions negatively. Some examples of activity-related accomplishment emotions include rage while coping with challenging tasks bred by critical thinking.

Such results are related to activities’ aftereffects, for example, progressive, anticipatory feelings of fear about failing and retroactive feelings of pride or guilt in response to positive feedback about accomplishments (Liu et al., 2021). As with chess, hyper-scenario planning may generate anxiety. When critical thinking is pressed too far, it results in pessimism, skepticism, and the eventual development of conspiracy ideas and false mythologies that damage mental health.


Critical thinking is necessary for many facets of our everyday lives, particularly businesses that rely heavily on human interaction. It plays a significant part in how people optimize their education and how instructors guarantee that they do so. Critical thinking enables people to sympathize with and accommodate the thoughts and perspectives of others. Critical thinkers discover answers via innovative thought. With the world’s wealth of knowledge, critical thinking is advantageous. Individuals make prudent decisions that favor them. Critical thinking is not a skill reserved for students but is indispensable for everyone. Critical reasoning is essential in mental health because it lets healthcare providers make the best medication options for people. People utilize critical thinking even when they are unaware of its immense utility. Consequently, learning to examine critically completes the picture and makes one’s talents priceless.

Reference List

Butler, H.A., Pentoney, C. and Bong, M.P. (2017) ‘Predicting real-world outcomes: critical thinking ability is a better predictor of life decisions than intelligence, ‘Thinking Skills and Creativity, 25, pp.38–46. Web.

Espey, M. (2018) ‘Enhancing Critical Thinking Using Team-Based Learning, ‘Higher Education Research & Development, 37, pp.15-29. Web.

Iyer, L. (2019). Critical thinking and it’s Importance in Education. ResearchGate. Web.

Liu, Z., Li, S., Shang, S. and Ren, X. (2021) ‘How Do Critical Thinking Ability and Critical Thinking Disposition Relate to the Mental Health of University Students?’ Frontiers in Psychology, 12. Web.

Paul R. and Elder L. (2020) ‘The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools (8th ed.),’ Rowman and Littlefield. Web.

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