The theoretical analysis of the available studies of post-traumatic growth makes it possible to identify the leading signs of post-traumatic growth characteristic of psychological traumas of various origins. Manifestations of post-traumatic growth cover cognitive, emotional, and behavioral components (Tang et al., 2020). The research authors in this area recommend paying attention to such aspects that instead of two opposite endpoints of a continuum, growth and distress should be seen as bivariate independent aspects (Jian et al., 2020). Studies highlight and recommend considering the various effects of psychosocial factors on the ability to overcome PTSD (Yang et al., 2021). Future research must be based on the longitudinal design to examine how the four coping mechanisms affect the link between PTSD and PTG concerning people faced with trauma. (Ye et al., 2018). Thus, the consideration of this aspect is relevant for this scientific work.
The types of psych-traumatic effects and their impact on individual, personal and social functioning are studied in detail. Researchers have focused on the negative consequences of traumatic stress (Yang et al., 2021). However, the victims also note positive changes after coping with psychological trauma due to sociodemographic and psychosocial factors (Yang et al., 2021). The sociodemographic factors include age, social constrictions, depression, or, on the contrary, spiritualism, perseverance and social support. Psychosocial factors that influence the relationship between PTG and PTSD are altruism, integration into the community, and active lifestyle (Tsai et al., 2015). The study of post-traumatic growth and its manifestations remains relevant since this psychological phenomenon characterizes a more adaptive mode of overcoming the consequences of traumatic situations and leads to positive, harmonious personal changes. Therefore, post-traumatic growth should be considered not a direct consequence of a traumatic event but a subjective process of personality changes in coping with PTSD (Zhang et al., 2018; Wall et al., 2020). This scientific research aims to develop this concept and study the correlation between PTG and PTSD through sociodemographic and psychosocial factors.
Jian, Y., Hu, T., Zong, Y., & Tang, W. (2022). Relationship between post-traumatic disorder and posttraumatic growth in COVID-19 home-confined adolescents: The moderating role of self-efficacy. Current Psychology. Web.
Tang, W., Wang, Y., Lu, L., Lu, Y., & Xu, J. (2020, April 18). Post-traumatic growth among 5195 adolescents at 8.5 years after exposure to the Wenchuan earthquake: Roles of post-traumatic stress disorder and self-esteem. Journal of Health Psychology, 26(13), 2450–2459. Web.
Tsai, J., El-Gabalawy, R., Sledge, W. H., Southwick, S. M., & Pietrzak, R. H. (2015). Post-traumatic growth among veterans in the USA: results from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Psychological medicine, 45(1), 165–179.
Wall, C. L., Carson, J., & Brown, G. (2022). COVID-19 relates to both PTSD and PTG in a non-clinical Population, why? Journal of Loss and Trauma, 1–13. Web.
Yang, Y., Zeng, W., Lu, B., & Wen, J. (2021). The contributing factors of delayed-onset post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms: A nested case-control study conducted after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake. Frontiers in Public Health, 9.
Ye, Z., Chen, L., & Lin, D. (2018). The relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and posttraumatic growth among HIV-infected men who have sex with men in Beijing, China: The Mediating Roles of Coping Strategies. Frontiers in Psychology, 9. Web.
Zhang, Y., Xu, W., Yuan, G., & An, Y. (2018). The relationship between posttraumatic cognitive change, posttraumatic stress disorder, and posttraumatic growth among Chinese adolescents after the Yancheng tornado: The mediating effect of rumination. Frontiers in Psychology, 9.