The most critical emotional changes for children who begin to expand their social world are independence, frustration or joy in trust and loneliness. Merging into the school community, children are increasingly declaring their freedom in front of their parents (Ashford et al., 2017). There is a place and a team where they spend a lot of time and show their habits and character away from parental control. Trust in parents exists at the previous stages of a child’s development, but it is in middle childhood that it becomes the foundation for social skills. Children begin to learn to be friends and not only rely on the words of authority. While learning to be friends, some children may have complex communication cases that can make them feel lonely. Depending on the child’s temperament, this feeling results in irritability, anger, tears, and whims.
The first emotional change is tied to the beginning psychological separation from the parents, which at a particular stage of a person’s life is accompanied by physical separation. If a parent suppresses displays of independence, the child will not trust any of his peers and will not acquire the skills for it. Trust and associated emotions with it will ultimately have a substantial negative impact on the self-awareness and self-esteem of the child. The mechanism of trust and the feelings involved are profoundly social and strongly influence interpersonal awareness. The child can experience the first conflicts and form a representation of himself among his peers. The child learns to attach himself to and relate to a particular group through such emotions. In the case of an unformed full-fledged trust, the response will be an avoidant type of attachment. Interpersonal awareness is also affected by feelings of loneliness and how often the child experiences this feeling. Getting used to it, the child learns to rely only on himself, not to trust others, and to put his interests constantly above others.
The formation of groups for children is critical, as this is their first society and the first experience building relationships outside of a family environment. Children try on the social roles seen in the lives of adults. They form the first significant likes and dislikes, which they will retain, possibly, for a long time, and will remember for a long time. The school environment will be the first place for them in the future, where they will experience the first attachment.
Ashford, J. B., LeCroy, C. W., & Williams, L. R. (2017). Empowerment series: Human behavior in the social environment: A multidimensional perspective (6th Edition). Cengage Learning US. Web.