Psychological Processes Behind the Act of Learning

Topic: Psychological Principles
Words: 290 Pages: 1

The concepts of learning and the development of habits that allow one to respond to certain scenarios appropriately have been the subject of close attention from behaviorists, psychologists, and neurologists for quite some time. With the emergence of the theoretical framework that has shed light on the issue, multiple explanations have been provided. Overall, three key insights can be made from Spielman et al.’s (2020) representation of the material.

First, the fact that learning suggests the development of a conditioned response toward a specific factor, therefore, mimicking the instinct, can be seen as an important piece of information for educators. By dissecting the neurological processes behind the act of learning, one can address a range of difficulties faced by students in the classroom setting. Another important conclusion to be made from Spielman et al.’s (2020) interpretation of the material is that the second-hand order conditioning process allows for building more complex responses in the target audience. Therefore, intricate patterns for addressing specific issues during problem-solving can be fostered using the specified technique.

Finally, the fact that the operant conditioning concept allows for improving the process of learning significantly by offering rewards and, thus, helping the target population relate learning to exclusively pleasant experiences. The specified phenomenon may be used to overcome reluctance to learn in any demographic, which opens an array of opportunities for improving the quality of education. Consequently, the specified issue needs to be explored further to build more effective teaching approaches. In this regard, the following question can be asked: how does the information about second-order conditioning help enhance the outcomes of early childhood learning? Answering this question will allow making the process of teaching significantly more productive, allowing young learners to build essential critical thinking skills.


Spielman, R. M., Jenkins, W. J., & Lovett, M. D. (2020). Psychology (2nd ed.). Openstax.

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